Volume 34, n. 11, 2021. Aggiornamento delle nuove diagnosi di infezione da HIV e dei casi di AIDS in Italia al 31 dicembre 2020.
HIV/AIDS infection in Italy up to December 31, 2020
Data on new HIV diagnoses have a national coverage since 2012. Data reported in 2020 have been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. In 2020, 1,303 new HIV diagnoses were reported, with an incidence of 2.2 per 100,000 residents. In 2020, HIV incidence in Italy was lower compared to that reported in the European Union (3.3 new diagnoses per 100,000). Since 2018, an evident decrease in the number of new HIV diagnoses is observed, with no relevant differences by transmission mode. In 2020, heterosexual transmission accounted for 42% (25% in males, 17% in females) of reported cases, sex between men accounted for 46%, and injecting drug use accounted for 3%. Data on AIDS cases are collected since 1982. In 2020, 352 AIDS cases were reported, with an incidence of 0.7 per 100,000 residents; 80% of these individuals discovered being HIV-infected in the six months prior to AIDS diagnosis.