Alcohol is one of the main risk factors for disease, disability and premature mortality in Italy, Europe, and the world. It is the first addictive inducing substance with high social impact, connoting as a toxic, carcinogenic, caloric substance, and often associated with other substance and behavior addictions.

The Italian National Institute of Health (ISS) is engaged in the research, prevention, training and protection of maternal-child health in the field of alcohol and alcohol-related issues.

The National Alcohol Observatory is the World Health Organization's (WHO) Center for Health Research and Promotion on Alcohol and Alcohol-Related Issues. The Help line Alcohol - 800 632000, through telephone counseling interventions, facilitates the meeting between the demand of citizens and the offer of services in the territory.