Addiction to substances such as tobacco, alcohol, drugs (including New Psychoactive Substances - NPS) and behavioral addictions (gambling, food, internet and new technologies, doping) are important risk factors for public health.

The Istituto Superiore di Sanità (ISS, the National Institute of Health in Italy) works to prevent and combat these addictions, contributes to the knowledge of phenomena from an epidemiological point of view, optimizes the pathways of diagnosis and treatment and the improvement of interventions through specific areas of research, as well as control, supervision, information, training and advice. It also advises through what is known as the Help line (telephone counseling and scientific information) on addictions and doping and offers support for improving the quality of performance of the National Health Service (NHS) pharmacology laboratories.

In particular, tobacco consumption is one of the major risk factors in the development of cancer, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. Emerging phenomenon is also the intake of nicotine through next-generation tobacco products and e-cigarettes. Alcohol is the first substance capable of causing high social impact addiction. Drug addiction today is represented by the phenomenon of taking more classic abuse substances, including alcohol and new psychoactive substances.

Gambling disorder, food and internet addiction are behavioral addictions that in addition to causing clinically significant discomfort and/or disorders are a public health problem of increasing importance with a high impact in daily life.

Back Relazione annuale al Parlamento sul fenomeno delle tossicodipendenze in Italia anno 2022 (dati 2021) en

The Department for Drug Policies (DPA) - (Presidency of the Council of Ministers - published the Parliament 2022 Report on drug addiction in Italy.

The document to which the National Center for Addiction and Doping has collaborated (Chap. 1.5), is made up of 7 sections, divided into 10 chapters.

The first part analyzes the drug market, with data on seizures, price changes and qualitative analyzes of the substances seized.

In addition, it exposes strategies aimed at reducing supply and focuses on criminal complaints for drug-related offenses.

The second and third part analyze the diffusion and consumption trends in the population, as well as the prevention activities of the addiction phenomenon implemented by all the institutional actors of the national panorama. The fourth part is dedicated to treatment services for people with substance addiction.

The fifth part deals with the damage related to the use of drugs starting from road accidents. Finally, the last two parts concern the activities promoted by the Department and the work carried out during the VI National Conference on Addictions entitled "Beyond the frailties", concluded in Genoa on 27 and 28 November 2021 12 years after the last edition.

(Source DPA)

National centre for addiction and doping

Drugs Dati droga