Global health and health inequalities


Global health and health inequalities

Global health and health inequalities

Global health is an integrated research and action approach that aims to give full meaning and implementation to a vision of health as a state of bio-psycho-social well-being. It is also a fundamental human right, in which health and disease are considered results of processes that are not only biological but also economic, social, political, cultural and environmental, transcending and exceeding the perspectives, interests and possibilities of individual nations.

This new paradigm, based on extensive scientific evidence and knowledge of health determinants (behavioral, socio-economic, cultural, environmental factors, living and working conditions, etc. that influence the health of an individual or a community), can be applied to the prevention and treatment of diseases and the promotion of health at the individual and population level.

Global health pays particular attention to the analysis of health inequalities, which are present in terms of life expectancy, disease and disability both within and between countries. Unless justified from a biological point of view, health inequalities can be traced back to health determinants and are therefore unfair because they are avoidable. The global health approach promotes the strengthening of health systems in a universalistic perspective with reforms oriented towards equity, solidarity, sustainability and social inclusion. For this reason, it is necessarily intersectoral, transdisciplinary, multi-methodological and transnational. It aims to bridge the gap between scientific evidence and operational decisions within the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals.

The global health activity of the Istituto Superiore di Sanità (ISS, the National Institute of Health in Italy) also includes clinical and translational research, training and cooperation, and geographically embraces economically favored countries and countries with limited resources. It tackles all human diseases, not just the so-called "poverty diseases", as structural, socio-economic, political factors, and the access, rights and discrimination issues that underlie health inequalities are common.

Back 2nd phase European Project MediLabSecure (MLS)

The second phase of the One Health MLS Project was launched in 2019 and with the Covid-19 pandemic, it was necessary to organize activities in support of the countries involved. In particular, the ISS team developed an online training program and organized multidisciplinary training webinars

COVID-19 webinars :

Social measures and public health during pandemic COVID-19 : Maghreb and Sahel countries experience. March 3rd, 2021

Public Health and Social Measures in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic: adherence issues in the North Africa and Middle East region. March 30th, 2021

Communicating Public Health and Social Measures in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic: focus on the Balkan and Black Sea regions. May 27th, 2021


Global health and health inequalities One Health