Global health and health inequalities


Global health and health inequalities

Global health and health inequalities

Global health is an integrated research and action approach that aims to give full meaning and implementation to a vision of health as a state of bio-psycho-social well-being. It is also a fundamental human right, in which health and disease are considered results of processes that are not only biological but also economic, social, political, cultural and environmental, transcending and exceeding the perspectives, interests and possibilities of individual nations.

This new paradigm, based on extensive scientific evidence and knowledge of health determinants (behavioral, socio-economic, cultural, environmental factors, living and working conditions, etc. that influence the health of an individual or a community), can be applied to the prevention and treatment of diseases and the promotion of health at the individual and population level.

Global health pays particular attention to the analysis of health inequalities, which are present in terms of life expectancy, disease and disability both within and between countries. Unless justified from a biological point of view, health inequalities can be traced back to health determinants and are therefore unfair because they are avoidable. The global health approach promotes the strengthening of health systems in a universalistic perspective with reforms oriented towards equity, solidarity, sustainability and social inclusion. For this reason, it is necessarily intersectoral, transdisciplinary, multi-methodological and transnational. It aims to bridge the gap between scientific evidence and operational decisions within the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals.

The global health activity of the Istituto Superiore di Sanità (ISS, the National Institute of Health in Italy) also includes clinical and translational research, training and cooperation, and geographically embraces economically favored countries and countries with limited resources. It tackles all human diseases, not just the so-called "poverty diseases", as structural, socio-economic, political factors, and the access, rights and discrimination issues that underlie health inequalities are common.

Back IMMUNION Project

IMMUNION (Improving immunization cooperation in the European UNION), is a project that aims to increase trust and adherence to vaccinations by strengthening collaboration between health professionals and other stakeholders. The project is co-financed by the Third Health Program of the European Union for the years 2021-2023.

The Istituto Superiore di Sanità (ISS, the National Institute of Health in Italy) participates in the project which, in its final phase (October-December 2022), is committed to collaborate with schools (teachers, parents, pupils) to evaluate possible strategies aimed at improving current knowledge on vaccinations.Therefore we ask teachers, parents, pupils  to participate in the online survey that will allow us to see through your eyes to better understand information needs and  potential barriers that prevent proper use of vaccinations.

We thank you for your cooperation.

IMMUNION Project Team – Istituto Superiore di Sanità


Centres Centro Nazionale per la salute globale


Global health and health inequalities Training in global health, public health and capacity building