Chemical substances and health protection

TOPIC

Chemical substances and health protection

Chemical substances and health protection

The use of chemicals in modern society, in almost all production processes, makes the chemical sector one of the most important and globalized in the world economy. However, the essential contribution of these substances must be balanced with the identification of potential costs. These include the intensive use of water and energy as well as possible risks and negative impacts on the environment and human health. The diversity and potential gravity of these impacts make the management of chemicals an essential cross-cutting issue for sustainable development.

Consumers and users, if properly informed, can make a significant contribution to reducing risks, including through an informed choice of products and their responsible use.

The limitation of any damage to health and the environment can be guaranteed by the evaluation and management of substances throughout the entire life cycle, from production, to disposal, to reuse.

The Istituto Superiore di Sanità (ISS, the National Institute of Health in Italy) has a leading role in the Italian and European context in research, evaluation, management, control and regulation in the sector of chemicals and products and helps to protect human health by promoting innovation and competitiveness.

The ISS assesses the dangers and risks associated with substances and chemicals and is the national reference for the prevention and surveillance of dangerous exposures and intoxications, and for the national control plans and coordinates the network of national laboratories.

It also represents the technical-scientific interface of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), addressing emerging issues related to the health of the population.



La biodegradabilità dei tensioattivi

Tutti i tensioattivi usati nei detergenti (anionici, nonionici, cationici, anfoteri) devono essere completamente biodegradabili (biodegradazione aerobica).

La biodegradazione può essere:

  • Biodegradazione completa: quando un tensioattivo viene suddiviso in biossido di carbonio, acqua e sali minerali e assorbito nell’ambiente.
  • Biodegradazione primaria: quando un tensioattivo perde la sua proprietà tensioattiva. dovrebbe portare direttamente a composti meno tossici meno stabili e più facilmente degradabili di quelli iniziali.

La biodegradazione si rivela molto importante per ridurre il più possibile gli effetti negativi che tali sostanze possono avere sull’ambiente attraverso gli scarichi civili ed industriali.

Sono permesse deroghe solo per i detergenti per uso industriale ed istituzionale sulla base di una “valutazione di rischio”.


Vocabolario CNSC

Detergenti Copertina I detergenti

Dipartimenti/Centri/Servizi

Centres Chemicals, cosmetics and consumer protection

Topics

Chemical substances and health protection Detergents, disinfectants and disinfestants